Jet Pumps

Hydraulic Pumping systems use fluid (water or light oil), injected from surface facilities, to provide lifting force down-hole. There are two types of hydraulic pumps, a reciprocating pump and a jet pump. Reciprocating pumps use power fluid to operate the pump down-hole, by driving a piston inside the pump. Jet pump principle is similar to a jet engine or pressure washer

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Category Description

Hydraulic Pumping systems use fluid (water or light oil), injected from surface facilities, to provide lifting force down-hole. There are two types of hydraulic pumps, a reciprocating pump, and a jet pump. Reciprocating pumps use power fluid to operate the pump down-hole, by driving a piston inside the pump. Jet pump principle is similar to a jet engine or pressure washer. Pressurized fluid is injected into the pump and through a small nozzle where the power fluid becomes pressurized and high-velocity fluid, it will mix with the reservoir fluid. Under high pressure, the mixture would travel to the surface. Jet pumps are used more frequently than reciprocating pumps.

Jet pumps used at the depth of up to 17,000 feet and has a wide producing range between 100 B/D  to 10,000 B/D. Jet pumps can be circulated in and out of the well, hence removing the requirements of a wire-line unit or any other deployment method. In some instances, slick-line may be required, though.

n general, the Jet Pump system consists of:

  • Down-hole jet pump
  • Surface power fluid system, including a power source ( prime mover)
  • Surface Pump

Jet pumps have always been underutilized and attracted very little interest. However, the shale boom in North America brought more interest from companies with a number of new technologies coming to the market.

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Supply & Demand Dynamics

More than 75% of wells worldwide use artificial lift. Depletion rate and maturing of the oilfield is the major driver for using artificial lift technologies. The segment is expected to witness the growth rate of almost 9% CAGR until 2023 (source: GM Insights). North America holds almost half of the market and will continue to be the dominant place. A number of artificial lift suppliers are actively expanding their presence globally with more R&D hubs manufacturing plant and services centers.

While conventional production requires artificial lift at a later stage during production, unconventional fields use artificial lift very early, due to a fast decline in production. According to Frost & Sullivan, by 2025, 92% of the wells will require artificial lift.  

Globally, Jet Pump systems represent around 2 % of the population, but circa 10% in non-rod pumping. The utilization of Jet Pumps systems is spread across the world, with no particular market concentration.  

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Cost & Price Analysis

Price Analysis

Gas Lift systems represent a fairly low market share globally. Coupled with medium R&D costs and small market, the pricing of Gas Lift equipment (valves, mandrels, etc) has always been driven by an opportunistic approach and top-bottom pricing, with high premiums charged. In the long run, the prices for Gas Lift systems will not exhibit high volatility and might be driven by commodity prices and demand for pumps in non Oil & Gas sectors. 


Cost Analysis 

There are two major cost drivers for Jet Pump systems:

  1. Non Oil & Gas industries, such as Mining, Construction, Fish, Food, Paper, Marine, Sewage and many more
  2. Pump components- such as steel  and electrical 


As with any other down-hole steel products, depending on the design and application, the costs of Jet Pumps may vary by 3 times due to the selection of materials and processes. High temperature and high H2S wells affect the material selection, thus costs.

The acquisition price of Jet Pumps is primarily influenced by:

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Total Cost of Ownership

The total cost model shall include the costs of:

  • Acquisition
  • Installation
  • Operation & maintenance, including energy costs
  • Change-out / Work-over
  • Down time
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